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Unit Value

The Unit Value is derived from Unit Valuation System calculations. It is based on the total value of your investment assets, less transactions that are excluded from Unit Valuation System (UVS) calculations, divided by the total number of units allocated:

Unit value equation.png

For example, let us assume that the total starting assets for an investment account is £11,000. £1,000 is excluded from the UVS calculations as the money is in a Petty Cash account, which is not included in the UVS calculations. The initial number of allocated units is 10,000, therefore the resulting Unit Value is: (£11,000 - £1,000) / 10,000 units = £10,000 / 10,000 units = £1 i.e. each unit is worth £1.

To deposit or withdraw money from the account you have to buy or sell units based on the current unit value, which in this example is £1. If you now add £500 pounds to the trading account, which is included in the UVS calculations, you have do so by purchasing £500 worth of units at the current unit price. In this example if you bought £500 pounds worth of units at the current unit price of £1 each, you would get 500 units. As a result of the deposit, the total number of allocated units would increase to 10,500 units and the corresponding assets that are included in the UVS calculations would increase from £10,000 to £10,500. The total assets would increase to £11,500 i.e. the £10,500 that is included in the UVS calculations and the £1,000 in your Petty Cash Ledger. The resulting Unit Valuation is still £1 (i.e. £10,500 / 10,500 units), which is the same as it was before you deposited the £500 to your trading account.

If you now invest £10,500 and make a return of 20%, which equals £2,100, your total assets increase from £11,500 to £13,600. As £1,000 is still in a Petty Cash ledger, which is not included in the UVS calculations, your new unit value is the number of allocated units divided by the sum of the assets included in the UVS calculations, which in this example is: (£13,600 - £1,000)/10,500 units = £12,600/ 10,500 units = £1.20 per unit i.e. your unit value has now increased 20% from £1 to £1.20.

Let us now assume you want to withdraw £3,500 from your available funds by withdrawing £2,750 from your trading account and £750 from your Petty Cash account. Your total assets are reduced from £13,600 to £10,100, which includes the £250 remaining in your Petty Cash account Ledger. When you withdraw money from Ledgers that are included in the UVS calculations, you effectively cancel the number of allocated units such that the unit value remains consistent after the funds are withdrawn. In this example the Unit Value was £1.20 before the funds were withdrawn and the number of allocated units was 10,500 units. If you withdraw £2,750 from the account Ledgers(s) that are included in the UVS calculations, then the value of the UVS account Ledger(s) are reduced from £12,600 to £9850 i.e. (£12,600 - £2,750). As a result, units must now be cancelled in order to keep the unit value consistent, therefore in this example the 2291.666667 units are cancelled i.e. 10,500 units - (£9850/£1.20 per unit) = 10,050 units - 8208.3333333 units = 2291.666667 units.

As a result the total number of allocated units is 8208.3333333 and the value of the assets included in the UVS calculations is £9,850. As the unit value remains consistent at £1.20 per unit i.e. £9,850 / 8208.3333333 units. The resulting unit valuation of £1.20 still reflects that to date you have made a return off 20% on your investments, despite having added and withdrawn money from trading and Petty Cash account Ledgers.

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